CSS3 VS. HTML5– Distinctions and Synergy

This article compares CSS3 VS. HTML5, taking into consideration their respective natures, features, and the benefits they implement to webpage design.

HTML5 and CSS3 are two ubiquitous and powerful names in webpage design. Both have left unmatched contributions in establishing interfaces convenient for browsing. But what is their distinction? In this article, we shall study CSS3 vs. HTML5.

CSS3 vs. HTML5: Nature

HTML5 brings in features that mirror usual utilization on webpages. A number of these attributes are semantic substitutes for regularly utilized inline (<span>) elements and generic blocks (<div>). Some of the inline elements include <video>, <audio>, <header> (generally referring to top of a web page or the starting lines of a HTML code), and <nav> (website navigation block). Other elements (especially those that add specifications to visual presentations) have been eliminated as they are inconveniently created and a style sheet language like CSS3 proves an easier tool in modifying specific elements.

HTML5 does not already use SGML as basis for its syntax, despite the resemblance of the markup. HTML 5 has been created to have backward familiarity and compatibility with older versions of HTML. It possesses a new beginning line similar to a SGML declaration <!doctype html>, which activates the mode for rendering.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) present augmented flexibility in the rendering of content of website. In short, it makes the visual presentation of a webpage better. The downside of which is that CSS3 is not widely supported by all web browsers, and if it is, some features are incompatible. Despite this limitation, CSS3 coding language is widely utilized by code developers because making modifications are conveniently done and induce the same effect compared to utilizing a Javascript plugin.

Another limitation in utilizing CSS3 is the condition to put into operation filters to alter how a specific style will present onscreen when different browsers usage are taken into consideration. CSS3 is also capable of backward compatibility, extending attributes of its earlier versions.

CSS3 vs. HTML5: Features

HTML5 details scripting application programming interfaces (APIs) that can be utilized with JavaScript. The elements of the document object model (DOM) platform are extended some attributes are noted. There are also recent application programming interfaces (APIs) of concern: protocol handler registration and MIME type, microdata, management of browser history, editing of documents, web applications accessible when user is offline, timed media playback, messaging across various documents, drag-and-drop, canvas element for direct mode 2D drawing, and web storage (a structure that behaves similar to the concept of cookies nut comes with improved API and a bigger capacity for storage).

CSS3 presents exciting features to improve the visual quality of website, enhancing the experience of the user. Some of these features include: border, backgrounds, text effects, fonts, 2d and 3d transforms, transitions, animations, multiple columns, user interface, gradients, media queries, dropdown menus, rounded corners and browser support.

Example of a CSS code for columns:





-moz-column-count:3; /* Firefox */

-webkit-column-count:3; /* Safari and Chrome */